Psoriasis on the feet is a common problem. It can occur due to hormonal disorders, weakening of the immune system and other reasons. It can be cured with the help of medicines, traditional medicine recipes and physiotherapy procedures.
Causes and risk factors for psoriasis on the legs
Psoriasis on the legs is a pathology, the cause of which doctors cannot identify. However, possible provoking factors include:
- Heredity. The disease can be inherited (from parents to children).
- Disturbances in the work of the central nervous system. Frequent stress leads to disruption of many processes in the body. In many patients, such rashes appear precisely after stressful situations.
- Hormonal disruption in the body. Disruptions in the endocrine system lead to metabolic disorders, which is a provoking factor for the excessive production of skin cells.
- Weakened immunity. Psoriasis develops against the background of infectious diseases. The risk group includes patients who often suffer from viral infections and suffer from respiratory diseases (bronchitis, tonsillitis).
- Mechanical injury to the skin.
- Climate change.
- Frequent use of certain medications.
- The abuse of hygiene products that lead to the destruction of beneficial microorganisms on the skin.
- The use of chemicals.
- Eating food containing food additives, alcohol.
Classification and symptoms of psoriasis on the legs
There are several types of the disease, each of which has its own symptoms:
- Common (spotted, vulgar). The most common type of psoriasis, which affects almost 90 percent of all patients. It manifests itself as rashes in the form of red spots, which are quickly distributed over the legs. Small plaques, 3-4 cm in diameter, in the absence of treatment, can join together and create large areas of rashes. It is accompanied by severe itching, bleeding may occur when scratching. Rash on the knees occurs with just such symptoms.
- Exudative (pustular). This type is rare and occurs in a more severe form. Repeated relapses are possible. Healing complex therapy is time-consuming. Rashes in the form of pustules with a clear liquid often bleed, while the patient's skin is constantly hot. This type is observed on the feet and legs.
- Drop-shaped (point). Not very common. It is characterized by pinpoint eruptions of red or scarlet color, resembling a drop. Basically, the provoking factor in the emergence of this species is streptococcal bacteria. The rash is localized on the knees.
- Inverse. During the disease, pale pink spots appear, smooth to the touch. There is no peeling, but sometimes slight peeling of the skin can be observed. The spots do not rise above the surface of the skin, they concentrate on the inner side of the thigh.
- Psoriatic onychodystrophy (nail psoriasis). From the name it is clear that the disease affects the nail bed and the skin around it. Point depressions appear on the nails, in which the color of the nail plate changes (turns yellow or turns white). Spots appear on them, they become brittle. Sometimes it bleeds under the nails. Detachment of the nail from soft tissues occurs - onycholysis. Subsequently, scars appear.
- Psoriatic erythroderma. It is characterized by red rashes, peeling of the skin, unbearable itching, swelling and swollen lymph nodes. Erythroderma has a wide range of lesions - from the groin area to the feet.
- Psoriasis on the feet. This type of disease gives the patient a lot of trouble. While walking, wounds and cracks appear, which constantly bleed and interfere with walking. Blisters are localized on the heels, around the nails, on the pads of the fingers and between them. The constant friction causes irritation with severe itching and scratching, which can lead to fungal infections. To some extent, perspiration contributes to the development of rashes on the feet. Sweat is an excellent breeding ground for the development of pathogens that cause inflammation.
- Psoriatic arthritis (psoriasis of the joints). This type develops not only on the epidermis, but also on the joints. Psoriasis affects the knees and finger joints. The main symptom of the development of arthritis in the legs is the curvature of the joints and changes in their size. As a result, the joint and limbs are disturbed (a small bone appears near the finger). The dermis in this place stretches and becomes a burgundy color, swelling is observed.
Drug therapy for psoriasis
Medication for psoriasis depends on the degree of development of the disease.
- Lightweight. For the treatment of a disease of this mild degree, local therapy is used (ointments, creams, gels). Salicylic and zinc ointments show good results. To achieve high results of treatment, complex therapy is used, which includes drugs with hormonal components and vitamins. They use drugs that include a medicinal substance - dithranol.
- Average. For the treatment of this degree of the disease, all methods of treatment are important in order to eliminate all the symptoms of the disease. Together with drug therapy, laser treatment, light treatment, as well as plasmaphoresis (removal of toxic substances from the blood) and cryotherapy (cold treatment) are used. In case of complications, corticosteroid ointments are prescribed: hydrocortisone, cortisone.
- Heavy. This degree is the most difficult and requires treatment with all means and methods that relieve the symptoms of psoriasis on the legs. In these cases, drugs are prescribed that suppress immune responses, antihistamines and antibiotics.
Physiotherapy for psoriasis
Physiotherapy effectively complements the drug treatment of psoriasis. In medical practice, there are several methods of physiotherapy procedures:
- Light therapy for legs. Ultraviolet radiation is the most effective treatment for psoriasis. The method involves exposure to ultraviolet rays in a medical facility. No side effects were found, it does not affect the body. After light therapy, the plaques are reduced, and in 80% of cases, the patient recovers completely.
- Cryotherapy. The method is based on cold treatment. The course can last from one to six months. With psoriasis of the legs, a local procedure is prescribed, when the cold is directed only to certain lesions. These sessions reduce itching, inflammation, promote tissue repair, and slow down the formation of new scales.
- UV blood count (plasmaphoresis). This method in medicine is relatively new; its distinctive feature is a quick treatment result. The essence of the procedure is that a tube is inserted into a vein through which blood is poured into a vessel located in a special device. There, the blood is exposed to ultraviolet radiation and then returned back. The procedure is carried out with complete sterility.
- Puva therapy. The method of treatment is prescribed for patients with severe forms of psoriasis. It is based on the use of psoralens - substances that increase the sensitivity of cells to ultraviolet radiation. The method is highly effective, after 25 sessions, profuse rashes almost disappear.
Traditional medicine recipes for psoriasis
- Many patients use traditional medicine to treat the disease. It can be tinctures, baths, lotions, decoctions. Various herbs are used to cleanse the skin, such as calendula, chamomile, celandine. They are able to relieve inflammation and burning sensation.
- Broths. For the broth, you must use a series (2 tablespoons), celandine (1 tablespoon), licorice root (2 tablespoons) and oregano (1 tablespoon). All herbs are mixed and infused for 20 minutes. The broth is taken orally for half a glass 2 times a day. This remedy is effective for mild psoriasis.
- Ointments. There are many folk recipes for making ointment based on birch tar.
- Mix birch tar (50 ml) with olive oil (50 ml). Apply the resulting ointment to sore skin, preferably before bedtime, wrap with gauze. Rinse off with warm water in the morning.
- Birch tar (30 ml), castor oil (30 ml), honey (60 grams) and 2 chicken eggs. Mix all ingredients and leave in a cold place for 2 days. Apply the ready-made mixture every day for a month.
Diet plays an important role in psoriasis. During severe inflammation, it is necessary to adhere to some dietary rules. Do not eat smoked, salty and fatty foods. Sweets, citrus fruits and dairy products are also contraindicated in case of illness. Drinking alcohol is strictly prohibited.
Complications and consequences
Any ailment, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications. Psoriasis of the feet can lead to the following consequences:
- the occurrence of pain when walking;
- ordinary psoriasis can develop into erythroderma;
- the occurrence of other infections;
- violation of metabolic processes;
- decrease in the protective functions of the epidermis;
- violation of skin thermoregulation.
Prevention of psoriasis on the legs
If you follow all preventive measures, then the disease of psoriasis can be prevented. Prevention recommendations:
- treat your feet with antibacterial and nutritional preparations;
- treat toenails to avoid fungal infection;
- solar treatments;
- when wearing closed shoes, you must ventilate your feet;
- frequent physical activity.
The main rule in the prevention of any disease is adherence to a healthy lifestyle.