Psoriasis causes and treatment

Psoriasis is a disease that affects, according to the estimates of WHO experts, from 2 to 4% of the world's population. A feature of the disease is that only representatives of the white race suffer from psoriasis. Determination of the causes and treatment of psoriasis is considered one of the priority tasks of modern medicine. Today science has advanced far in these issues, but the causes of the disease have not yet been fully understood, just as ways of a complete cure for this disease have not been found.

doctor prescribes psoriasis treatment

Causes of psoriasis

Physiologically, psoriasis is caused by an overly short life cycle of skin cells. If normally this cycle is from 21 to 28 days, then in patients with psoriasis the cycle takes only 3-6 days. This is what causes the formation of psoriatic plaques. The reason for this phenomenon is mainly debated among specialists. While some consider psoriasis to be a disease caused by hereditary factors, others believe that the disease occurs as a result of malfunctions in the immune system, which are a direct consequence of a whole set of various external factors.

Today, among physicians, the multifactorial theory prevails, which explains the occurrence of psoriasis by the following reasons:

  1. Heredity;
  2. Immune system malfunctions due to:
  3. the doctor examines the throat of a child with psoriasis
    • Postponed infectious diseases;
    • Improper nutrition;
    • Alcohol abuse;
    • Unfavorable climatic conditions.

However, absolutely all experts agree on one thing, psoriasis is not a contagious disease and it is impossible to "catch" it on the street like flu or sore throat.

Psoriasis symptoms

Today, doctors consider psoriasis a systemic pathology, that is, it is customary to talk about psoriasis as a pathology of complex effects.

It is believed that the very first signs of the development of psoriasis are:

  1. A constant feeling of general weakness;
  2. Feeling tired;
  3. Frequent depression and depression.

These symptoms should be alarming. However, the clinical symptoms of psoriasis are manifested in skin lesions. In the case of psoriasis, these are, most often, psoriatic plaques that suddenly appear on the patient's body. Initially, they may be small (a few millimeters), but over time they can increase significantly (up to 10 centimeters in diameter).

psoriasis symptoms on the body

By the nature of the rash, psoriasis is usually divided into:

  • Spot (the diameter of the plaques is small, does not exceed the diameter of a match head);
  • Drop-shaped, in size with a grain of lentils, but in the form of a droplet;
  • Coin-shaped, round plaques, reminiscent of a coin up to 5 millimeters in diameter.

A feature of psoriasis is the formation of scales on the plaques, which are very easy to remove. This is due to the fact that they are formed by the cells of the keratinized epidermis. The scale is formed first in the center of the plaque, and later spreads to the edges. Sometimes a pink ring forms around the plaque, which indicates the growth of the plaque itself. When the scales are removed, a smooth shiny surface of the skin remains, which has a pink color, due to the proximity of the location of blood vessels (capillaries).

Classification of psoriasis, what does psoriasis look like (photo)

In most cases, doctors deal with ordinary (vulgar) psoriasis. However, in about 10% of cases, the manifestations of psoriasis have other external signs, which can be clearly seen in the photo.

According to the external manifestations of psoriasis, it is customary to distinguish its following forms:

  1. Vulgar (common) psoriasis. It begins with a rash of small papules ranging in size from a match head to a pea. Scaling occurs on these papules, and the papule turns into a typical psoriatic plaque. As a rule, plaques have well-defined boundaries, allowing them to be clearly visualized in relation to healthy skin. The plaque can be itchy. If the patient tries to remove a papule or plaque, desquamation is observed. After the flake is removed, a smooth, shiny surface is revealed. If you continue the scraping process, droplets of blood appear very quickly, the so-called "blood dew";
  2. vulgar psoriasis on the elbow
  3. Psoriatic erythroderma. This, an extremely unpleasant disease as a form of psoriasis, occurs in about 2% of those suffering from this disease. Erythroderma manifests itself in the form of severe itching, diffuse redness of the skin, as well as lamellar peeling. Often, psoriatic erythroderma is associated with generalized pustular psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Often, infections such as streptococcal infections complicate the course of the disease. Sometimes erythroderma manifests itself spontaneously already in the first stage of psoriasis. In some cases, erythroderma develops as a result of improper treatment of psoriasis;
  4. Pustular psoriasis. This form of the disease is characterized by the formation of pustules that resemble small abscesses. With the flow, this form of psoriasis can be generalized and localized. With a localized form, pustules are located in the area of the soles and palms. With a generalized form, the patient has an increase in body temperature and signs of intoxication of the body. This form of psoriasis is very dangerous and can even be fatal;
  5. Psoriatic arthritis. Many experts distinguish it as an independent autoimmune disease. Appears in the form of an inflammatory process in the joints and muscles of the patient;
  6. Psoriasis of the nail plates. In some cases, common psoriasis affects the nail plates, and then they talk about nail psoriasis. The defeat of the nail plates by psoriasis is very similar to a fungal infection. As a result of the disease, the nail plate can be deformed and even completely disappear in the end.

Psoriasis treatment

Modern medicine does not yet have in its arsenal of means capable of completely curing psoriasis; there is still not enough knowledge about the causes and characteristics of the course of the disease. Nevertheless, in the arsenal of doctors there is a number of drugs that can significantly relieve the manifestations of psoriasis and transfer it from the acute phase to long-term remission. When treating psoriasis, the doctor takes into account the age, gender, lifestyle, state of health of the patient and only taking into account all these factors chooses a treatment strategy.

Very often, the treatment of psoriasis begins with external therapy. These include:

ointment for psoriasis
  • Salicylic ointment, which is used at the moment when the disease progresses;
  • Hormonal drugs that are prescribed if salicylic ointment is useless;
  • Creams containing ditronal. They have anti-inflammatory effects and help get rid of psoriasis symptoms quite quickly.

But not always means of external therapy bring the desired result. Then another treatment tactic is chosen and a systematic approach is considered one of the most effective methods today.

Traditional medicine in the treatment of psoriasis

There are a huge number of traditional medicine recipes for psoriasis. Many of them do indeed help in the treatment of this disease. But do not overestimate the possibilities of such recipes, since traditional medicine can be used as an auxiliary therapy, but in no case as a means of primary treatment.

Probably the most common traditional medicine for psoriasis is celandine. Unfortunately, this method can be treated only in the summer, when it is not a problem to find celandine. The essence of the method lies in the action of plant sap on plaques. It is enough just to break the stem and direct the droplets of juice on this fracture onto the skin affected by psoriasis. This should be done every day for three months. It is believed that the maximum effect of treatment occurs in the third year of treatment.

a decoction of celandine for the treatment of psoriasis

In second place in popularity is birch tar, which is simply spread over the affected surface for one hour. According to another method, after such application of tar, it is recommended to use celandine juice. The course of treatment in the first and in the second case is 15 days.

Egg-based ointment is considered very popular in the treatment of psoriasis. To prepare it, take two raw eggs and mix them with sunflower (olive) oil and beat. After that, add half a tablespoon of vinegar to the resulting mixture. The affected areas are smeared with a mixture once a day. The mixture itself is stored in a dark and cool place.

It helps very well with exacerbation of psoriasis and a bath to which a decoction of walnut shells is added. For one bath, you need to brew shells from half a kilogram of nuts. The bath is taken no more than 15-20 minutes at a temperature not higher than 37 degrees. It is recommended to take ten baths with breaks in one day.

Diet for psoriasis

According to many experts, proper nutrition in psoriasis is extremely important to avoid prolonged phases of exacerbation of the disease. It is believed that the essence of the diet is to maintain the acid-base balance towards the alkaline component. So, 70-80% of products should be alkaline and only 20-25 acid-forming.

Alkali-forming ones include:

  • Fruit (except for black and red currant cranberries, prunes, plums and grapes);
  • Vegetables (excluding legumes, Brussels sprouts, pumpkin, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants).
dairy products for psoriasis

It is customary to refer to acid-forming products:

  • Starch;
  • Cheese;
  • Sugar;
  • Meat
  • Butter;
  • Cream.

Thus, the diet of a patient with psoriasis should include:

  1. Water (at least 2 liters per day);
  2. Fresh, steamed fruit (canned fruit not desirable). Apples, dates, figs, apricots, oranges, peaches, raisins are recommended;
  3. Vegetables, also fresh or steamed. Recommended beets, cucumbers, lettuce, carrots, celery, spinach, zucchini, watercress, cabbage.
  4. Cereals (in small quantities). Recommended are buckwheat, wheat, barley, millet porridge, as well as rice and cornmeal baked goods;
  5. Low-fat fish, four times a week;
  6. baked fish for psoriasis
  7. Poultry (chicken), two to three times a week. It is permissible to give a sick young mutton once a week;
  8. Milk (skim is best);
  9. Soft-boiled eggs, two to three times a week;
  10. Vegetable oil at the rate of 3 teaspoons per day.


And although there is no way to prevent psoriasis, there are ways to significantly reduce its manifestations and maximize the remission phase.

For this you need:

  • Take care of your skin and keep it moist;
  • Excessive exposure to cold or hot air should be avoided;
  • Minimize the likelihood of injury to the surface of the skin;
  • Give up alcohol and tobacco;
  • All diseases are from nerves, so you need to minimize stressful effects and try to be in harmony with yourself and the world around you.